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Diamond

Diamonds are symbol of timeless and long lasting love. It has brilliance, durability, and affection. Diamonds are the hardest of natural gemstone at 10 on the Monh’s Scale. Diamonds consist of 99.95% pure crystallized carbon. They occur beneath the earth’s surface in the middle of liquids, gases, and crystals. In the past it was believed that diamonds held magical powers. They were splinters of stars fallen to earth and tears of gods. Diamonds often were worn into battles of Kings, representing strength and courage. They were also kept as protections against poisoning, devils, and phantoms. It was believed to bring wealth, happiness and protections to their owners.

 

The diamond engagement ring was born in 1477 AD when Archduke Maximilian of AustriaDiamonds are the birthstone of April and anniversary stone for the 10th, 60th and 75th year of marriage.  gave a diamond ring to his fiancée, Mary of Burgundy, for their engagement and she accepted it. He put it on her third finger of her left hand. The finger was believed by ancient Egyptians to have a vein that led directly to the heart.


Natural diamonds are approximately found in 35 different countries: South Africa, Australia, Botswana, Brazil, China, Congo, and Russia. The recent discovery was in Colorado, USA.
In 1905, the largest rough diamond was found in the Premier Mine of South Africa . It was the Cullinan with 3,160 carats. Later, it was cut into nine stones. The largest one was the Cullinan 1, Star of Africa. It was 550.20 carats and decorated in the British Royal Scepter, located in the Tower of London.

 

The basic 4 steps or “4Cs” to identify the quality of diamonds are the followings:

 

Color

The more colorless diamond is, the more colorful the fire and the better quality of the diamonds are. Many experts believe that color is the most significant factor to grade diamonds. It is difficult to determine the color by the untrained or inexperienced eyes. The following alphabetical scale from D-Z to grade colors of diamonds.


D - I
:
Colorless (white)

J - L: Near Colorless (white)

M: Faint Yellow

N - R: Very Light Yellow

S - Z: Light Yellow 

 

Cut

The cut of diamonds is referred to its proportions and its shape, which are the most effect to the diamonds’ sparkle and brilliance. Usually, diamonds are cut into 58 facets (flat surfaces). Every facet is places at precise angle to maximize its brilliance and beauty. The well-cut diamonds are those that are cut to proper proportions and the light is reflected from one facet to another and dispersed through the top.

 

Carat

Carat refers to the weight of a diamond.  Carat does not indicate the size that is determined by the cut that make a diamond look bigger or smaller. One carat is equivalent to 200 milligrams or 0.2 grams. It also can be divided into 100 points. If a diamond weighs one-half carat, it can be described as 50 points or 0.50 carats. It is much more difficult to find larger diamonds than smaller one. Therefore, the value rises exponentially with carat weight.

 

Clarity

This refers to how clear and clean the diamond is. The fewer the imperfections, the rarer and more valuable the diamond are. The followings demonstrate the clarity scale that is used for determining internal structural imperfections or inclusions.

F
: Flawless; Free from all inclusions or blemishes.
IF: Internally flawless; No inclusions visible at 10x magnification.
VVS1: Very Very Slightly Included #1; Inclusions that are extremely difficult to locate at 10x.
VVS2
: Very Very Slightly Included #2; Inclusions that are very difficult to locate at 10x.
VS1: Very Slightly Included #1; Minor inclusions that are difficult to locate at 10x.
VS2
: Very Slightly Included #2; Minor inclusions that are somewhat difficult to locate at 10x.
SI2: Slightly Included #1; Noticeable inclusions that are easy to locate at 10x.
SI2
: Slightly Included #2; Noticeable inclusion that are very easy to locate at 10x.
I1: Included #1; Obvious inclusions. Somewhat easy to locate with the unaided eye.
I2: Included #2; Obvious inclusions. Easy to locate with the unaided eye.
I3
: Included #3; Obvious inclusions. Very easy to locate with the unaided eye.


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